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            【干货】热处理行业常用词中英文对照(赶紧收藏)

            时间:2019-05-06 17:38:03 来源:远拓机电

            目前我国的金属热处理行业处于发展阶段,为了更好的提高金属热处理设备技术工艺OPE体育官方网站首页,不断的学习新技术、新工艺,但是国外先进的热处理行业技术工艺我们不一定看的懂。为了促进国内热处理行业的发展,远拓机电厂为您整理的热处理行业常用词中英文对照,希望能够帮到您。
             
            奥氏体austenite
             
            奥氏体本质晶粒度austenite inhorent grain size
             
            奥氏体化austenitization, austenitii zing
             
            B
             
            白口铸铁white cast iron
             
            白铜white brass, copper-nickel alloy
             
            板条马氏体lath martensite
             
            棒材bar
             
            包晶反应peritectic reaction
             
            薄板thin sheet
             
            薄膜技术thin film technique
             
            贝氏体bainite
             
            本质晶粒度inherent grain size
             
            比强度strength-to-weight ratic
             
            变质处理inoculation, modification
             
            变质剂modifying agent,modificator
             
            表面处理surface treatment
             
            表面粗糙度surface roughness
             
            表面淬火surface quenching
             
            表面腐蚀surface corrosion
             
            表面硬化surface hardening
             
            玻璃glass
             
            玻璃态vitreous state, glass state
             
            玻璃钢glass fiber reinforced plastics
             
            玻璃纤维glass fiber
             
            不可热处理的non-heat-treatable
             
            不锈钢stainless steel
             
            布氏硬度Brinell hardness
             
            C
             
            材料强度strength ofmaterial
             
            残余奥氏体residual austenite
             
            残余变形residual deformation
             
            残余应力residual stress
             
            层状珠光体lamellar pearlite
             
            超导金属superconducting metal
             
            成核nucleate, nucleation
             
            成形forming, shaping
             
            成长growth, growing
             
            磁材料magnetic materials
             
            冲击韧性impact toughness
             
            纯铁pure iron
             
            粗晶粒coarse grain
             
            脆性brittleness
             
            脆性断裂brittle fracture
             
            淬火quenching, quench
             
            淬透性hardenability
             
            淬硬性hardenability
             
            D
             
            带材baud, strip
             
            单晶single crystal, unit crystal
             
            单体monomer, element
             
            氮化层nitration case
             
            氮化物nitride
             
            刀具cutting tool
             
            导磁性magnetic conductivity
             
            导电性electric conductivity
             
            导热性heat conductivity, thermal conductivity
             
            导体conductor
             
            等离子堆焊plasma surfacing
             
            等离子弧喷涂plasma spraying
             
            等离子增强化学气相沉积Plasma chemical vapour deposition (PCVD)
             
            等温转变曲线isothermal transformation curve
             
            低合金钢low alloy steel
             
            低碳钢low carbon steel
             
            低碳马氏体low carbon?martensite
             
            低温回火low tempering
             
            点阵常数grating constant, lattice constant
             
            电镀electroplating, galvanize
             
            电弧喷涂electric arc spraying
             
            电子显微镜electron microscope
             
            定向结晶directional solidification S
             
            端淬试验end quenching test
             
            断口分析fracture analysis
             
            断裂强度breaking strength, fracture strength
             
            断裂韧性fracture toughness
             
            断面收缩率contraction of cross sectional area,
             
            锻造forge, forging, smithing
             
            多晶体polycrystal
             
            E
             
            二次硬化secondaryhardening
             
            二元合金binary alloy, two-component alloy
             
            F
             
            防锈的rust-proot, rust resistant
             
            非金属non-metal, nonmetal
             
            非晶态amorphous stats
             
            分子键molecular bond
             
            分子结构molecular structure
             
            分子量molecular weight
             
            酚醛树脂bakelite, phenolic resin
             
            粉末治金powder metallurgy
             
            粉末复合材料particulate composite
             
            腐蚀corrosion, corrode, etch, etching
             
            腐蚀剂corrodent, corrosive, etchant
             
            复合材料composite material
             
            G
             
            感应淬火inductionquenching
             
            刚度rigidity, stiffness
             
            钢steel
             
            钢板steel plate
             
            钢棒steel bar
             
            钢锭steel ingot
             
            钢管steel tube, steel pipe
             
            钢丝steel wire
             
            钢球steel ball
             
            杠杆定理lever rule, lever principle
             
            高分子聚合物high polymer, superpolymer
             
            高合金钢high alloy steel
             
            高锰钢high manganess steel
             
            高频淬火high frequency quenching
             
            高速钢high speed steel ,quick-cutting steel
             
            高碳钢high-carbon steel
             
            高碳马氏体high carbon martensite
             
            高弹态elastomer
             
            高温回火high tempering
             
            各向同性isotropy
             
            各向异性anisotropy, anisotropism
             
            工程材料engineering material
             
            工具钢tool steel
             
            工业纯铁industrial pure iron
             
            工艺technology
             
            共价键covalent bond
             
            共晶体eutectic
             
            共晶反应eutectic reaction
             
            共析体eutectoid
             
            共析钢eatectoid steel
             
            功能材料functional materials
             
            固溶处理solid solution treatment
             
            固溶强化solution strengthening
             
            固溶体solid solution
             
            固相solid phase
             
            光亮热处理bright heat treatment
             
            滚珠轴承钢ball bearing steel
             
            过饱和固溶体supersaturated solid solution
             
            过共晶合金hypereutectic alloy
             
            过共析钢hypereutectoid steel
             
            过冷over-cooling, supercooling
             
            过冷奥氏体supercooled austenite
             
            过冷度degree of supercooling
             
            过热overheat, superheat
             
            H
             
            焊接welding, weld
             
            航空材料aerial material
             
            合成纤维synthetic fiber
             
            合金钢alloy steel
             
            合金化alloying
             
            合金结构钢structural alloy steel
             
            黑色金属ferrous metal
             
            红硬性red hardness
             
            滑移slip, glide
             
            滑移方向glide direction, slip direction
             
            滑移面glide plane, slip plane
             
            滑移系slip system
             
            化合物compound
             
            化学气相沉积chemical vapour eposition (CVD)
             
            化学热处理chemical heat treatment
             
            J
             
            基体matrix
             
            机械混合物mechanical mixture
             
            机械性能mechanical property
             
            激光热处理heat treatment with a laser beam
             
            激光laser
             
            激光熔凝laser melting and consolidation
             
            激光表面硬化surface hardening by laser beam
             
            加工硬化work hardening
             
            加热heating
             
            胶粘剂adhesive
             
            结构材料structural material
             
            结晶crystallize, crystallization
             
            结晶度crystallinity
             
            金属材料metal material
             
            金属化合物metallic compound
             
            金属键metallic bond
             
            金属组织metal structure
             
            金属结构metallic framework
             
            金属塑料复合材料plastimets
             
            金属塑性加工metal plastic?working
             
            金属陶瓷metal ceramic
             
            金相显微镜metallographic microscope, metalloscope
             
            金相照片metallograph
             
            晶胞cell
             
            晶格crystal lattice
             
            晶格常数lattice constant
             
            晶格空位lattice vacancy
             
            晶粒crystal grain
             
            晶粒度grain size
             
            晶粒细化grain refining
             
            晶体结构crystal structure
             
            聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethy lene (PTFE)
             
            聚合度degree of polymerization
             
            聚合反应polymerization
             
            绝热材料heat-insulating material
             
            绝缘材料insulating material
             
            K
             
            抗拉强度tensile strength
             
            抗压强度compression strength
             
            颗粒复合材料particle composite
             
            扩散diffusion, diffuse
             
            L
             
            老化aging
             
            莱氏体ledeburite
             
            冷变形cold deformation
             
            冷加工cold work, cold working
             
            冷却cool, cooling
             
            冷作硬化cold hardening
             
            离子ion
             
            粒状珠光体granular pearlite
             
            连续转变曲线continuous cooling transformation(CCT) curve
             
            孪晶twin crystal
             
            孪生twinning, twin
             
            螺旋位错helical dislocation
             
            洛氏硬度Rockwell hardness
             
            M
             
            马氏体martensite (M)
             
            密排六方晶格close-packed xagonal lattice (C.P.H.)
             
            面心立方晶格face-centred cubic lattice (F.C.C.)
             
            摩擦friction
             
            磨损wear, abrade, abrasion
             
            模具钢die steel
             
            Mf 点martensite finishing point
             
            Ms点martensite starting point
             
            N
             
            纳米材料nanostructuredmaterials
             
            耐磨钢wear-resisting steel
             
            耐磨性wearability, wear resistance
             
            耐热钢heat resistant steel , high temperature steel
             
            内耗internal friction
             
            内应力internal stress
             
            尼龙nylon
             
            粘弹性viscoelasticity
             
            凝固solidify, solidification
             
            扭转强度torsional strength
             
            扭转疲劳强度torsional fatigue strength
             
            P
             
            泡沫塑料foamplastics, expanded plastics
             
            配位数coordination number
             
            喷丸硬化shot-peening
             
            疲劳强度fatigue strength
             
            疲劳寿命fatigue life
             
            片状马氏体lamellar martensite, plate type martensite
             
            普通碳钢ordinary steel, plain carbon steel
             
            Q
             
            气体渗碳gas carburizing
             
            切变shear
             
            切削cut, cutting
             
            切应力shearing stress
             
            球化退火spheroidizing annealing
             
            球墨铸铁nodular graphite cast iron, spheroidal graphitecast iron
             
            球状珠光体globular pearlite
             
            屈服强度yielding strength, yield strength
             
            屈强比yielding-to-tensile ratio
             
            屈氏体troolstite (T)
             
            去应力退火relief annealing
             
            R
             
            热处理heat treatment
             
            热加工hot work, hot working
             
            热喷涂thermal spraying
             
            热固性thermosetting
             
            热塑性hot plasticity
             
            热硬性 thermohardening
             
            柔顺性flexibility
             
            人工时效artificial ageing
             
            刃具cutting tool
             
            刃型位错edge dislacation, blade dislocation
             
            韧性toughness
             
            溶质solute
             
            溶剂solvent
             
            蠕变creep
             
            蠕墨铸铁quasiflake graphite cast iron
             
            软氮化soft nitriding
             
            S
             
            扫描电镜scanning electronmicroscope (SEM)
             
            上贝氏体upper bainite
             
            渗氮nitriding
             
            渗硫sulfurizing
             
            渗碳carburizing, carburization
             
            渗碳体cementite (Cm)
             
            失效failure
             
            石墨graphite (G)
             
            时间-温度转变曲线time temperaturetransformation (TTT) curve
             
            时效硬化age-hardening
             
            实际晶粒度actual grain size
             
            使用寿命service life
             
            使用性能usability
             
            树枝状晶dendrite
             
            树脂resin
             
            双金属bimetal, duplex metal
             
            水淬water quenching, water hardening, water quench
             
            松弛relax , relaxation
             
            塑料plastics
             
            塑性plasticity, ductility
             
            塑性变形plastic deformation
             
            索氏体sorbite (S)
             
            T
             
            弹簧钢spring steel
             
            弹性elasticity, spring
             
            弹性变形elastic deformation
             
            弹性极限elastic limit
             
            弹性模量elastic modulus
             
            碳素钢carbon steel
             
            碳含量carbon content
             
            碳化物carbide
             
            碳素工具钢carbon tool steel
             
            陶瓷ceramic
             
            陶瓷材料ceramic material
             
            体心立方晶格body-centered cubic lattice (B.C. C.)
             
            体型聚合物three-dimensional polymer
             
            调质处理quenching and tempering
             
            调质钢quenched and tempered steel
             
            铁碳平衡图iron-carbon equilibrium diagram
             
            透明(结晶)陶瓷crystalline ceramics
             
            同素异构转变allotropic transformation
             
            涂层coat, coating
             
            退火anneal, annealing
             
            托氏体troostite (T)
             
            W
             
            弯曲bend, bending
             
            完全退火full annealing
             
            微观组织microstructure
             
            维氏硬度Vickers hardness
             
            未经变质处理的uninoculated
             
            温度temperature
             
            无定形的amorphous
             
            物理气相沉积physical vapour deposition (PVD)
             
            X
             
            下贝氏体lower bainite
             
            线型聚合物linear polymer
             
            纤维fibre, fiber
             
            纤维增强复合材料filament reinforced composite
             
            显微照片metallograph,microphotograph, micrograph
             
            显微组织microscopic structure, microstructure
             
            橡胶rubber
             
            相phase
             
            相变phase transition
             
            相图phase diagram
             
            消除应力退火stress relief annealing
             
            形状记忆合金Shape memory alloys
             
            形变deformation
             
            性能performance, property
             
            X射线结构分析X-ray structural analysis
             
            Y
             
            压力加工press work
             
            亚共晶铸铁hypoeutectic cast iron
             
            亚共析钢hypoeutectoid steel
             
            氧化物陶瓷oxide ceramics
             
            延伸率elongation percentage
             
            盐溶淬火salt both quenching
             
            液相liquid phase
             
            应变strain
             
            应力stress
             
            应力场强度因子stress intensity factror
             
            应力松弛relaxation of stress
             
            硬质合金carbide alloy, hard alloy
             
            油淬oil quenching, oil hardening
             
            有机玻璃methyl-methacrylate, plexiglass
             
            有色金属nonferrous metal
             
            匀晶uniform grain
             
            孕育处理inoculation, modification
             
            Z
             
            再结晶退火recrystallization annealing
             
            载荷load
             
            增强塑料reinforced plastics
             
            针状马氏体acicular martensite
             
            正火normalize, normalization
             
            致密度tightness
             
            支化型聚合物branched polymer
             
            智能材料intelligent materials
             
            中合金钢medium alloy steel
             
            轴承钢bearing steel
             
            轴承合金bearing alloy
             
            珠光体pearlite (P)
             
            柱状晶体columnar crystal
             
            铸造cast , foundry
             
            自然时效natural ageing
             
            自由能free energy
             
            组元component, constituent
             
            组织structure
             
            α钛合金 αtitanium alloy

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